The Internet of Things (IoT) opens up broad prospects not only for B2C, but also for the B2B sector of the economy. The interaction of physical objects with the use of automation tools allows you to develop the enterprise at a different, previously inaccessible level, with a higher efficiency, provided that it is properly organized. It makes it possible to more rationally manage resources. The introduction of IoT solutions in an enterprise is a way to modernize it, to make a qualitative leap in the development of an industrial information system.
IoT solutions, monitoring
The Internet of Things should further simplify and automate industry and everyday life. Its era is already coming: in smartphones, watches, smart homes, there are more and more intelligent functions to accompany a person to make effective decisions. The number of devices connected to the Internet is also growing in enterprises. The thoughtful implementation of IoT solutions in the enterprise allows not in theory, but in practice:
- reduce production costs,
- provide up-to-date information to decision makers
- increase productivity.
Accenture estimates and forecasts that the share of the IoT sector in the economy will be $14 trillion by 2030.
Science and manufacturing began to pave the way to the IoT in the 19th century, when the electric telegraph was invented. In the scientific world, the definition of IoT was agreed in 1999. According to authoritative statements by Cisco IBSG, the Internet of Things paradigm took shape when more devices began to be powered by the network than there are inhabitants of the Earth. IoT as a modern phenomenon in the industry was formed in 2008.
IoT solutions in industry
There is a popular notion that the use of the Internet of Things is a given and a prospect mainly in the private sector due to the human need to improve the quality of life. But in industrial enterprises, IoT solutions are also experiencing rapid growth. However, it is more difficult and slower to rebuild production than a single private household. It takes more time to deploy an IoT infrastructure in a factory or mill.
According to Bain & Company, the IoT market will cross the $200 billion mark in 2021. A significant contribution to this amount belongs to the European Union and the United States.
The Russian Federation follows Western countries with a delay. According to forecasts, by 2025 the volume of the IoT market in the country will reach 86 billion rubles. First of all, the backlog is caused by an engineering gap. Nevertheless, industrial digitalization in the Russian Federation is proceeding more actively every year.
IoT solutions at industrial enterprises are used by leading domestic companies and representative offices of Western concerns in Russia. For example, Coca Cola HBC Russia operates an innovative energy consumption control system. It supports environmental protection, helps to optimize costs.
Gazprom-Neft has developed its own IoT technology strategy and has already implemented over a hundred projects in accordance with it. The company uses its own performance tracking systems, communication with counterparties, production management.
Innovative intelligent systems based on IoT are in demand in the field of industrial protection. They are aimed at the analysis of logical algorithms, the collection of data according to the designated criteria. A more advanced warning system has been developed. It promptly informs the staff about the location and the degree of risk of the problem.
ERP, MES and PDM systems in industry
Industrial resource planning. An information system of a strategic nature for the rational management of resources, as well as finances through operational activities. "ERP" is aimed at finding a balance of resources, reducing costs. Programs that implement ERP solve the problem of companies to eliminate the human factor and help scale the software product to different niches.
System for maintaining management processes in industry. The programs that implement it coordinate and synchronize the resources directed to the manufacture of products. They simplify and make it possible in some cases to analyze heterogeneous data in order to optimize key parameters. "MES" is usually used for coordinating and auditing production in a separate shop, but can be scaled to the company.
Software designed to manage data about a product. Its functions include process management, conditional sampling, automation of reporting, and the formation of accounting journals.
PDM-solutions can be "grafted" on a company individually or in a complex. The result of the competent introduction of technologies is an increase in the efficiency of the enterprise, better management. The results achieved with the new "tool" cover the high investment in it.