Choosing a pump for water supply to a private house is an important and responsible procedure. When comparing models, it is necessary to study many different factors, which in the future will allow the devices to be used as efficiently as possible. Immediately you need to have a clear idea of how deep the well will be, in which you plan to use the pump. Also, the country of manufacture of the device, cost and much more is considered an important factor. It is necessary to understand what functional features the selected model will have and whether its characteristics are suitable for the planned operating conditions.
Features of choosing a pump for a private house
Used for wells or wells, pumps can be submersible or surface. The first ones are used in cases where water is supplied from deep reservoirs, wells or wells. They can be lowered into the water to a certain depth. Surface models, as the name suggests, do not sink into the water. They can be left indoors. Such a pump is connected to a water source with a simple hose. Surface devices may be installed near a body of water. However, in order to avoid damage during the cold season, they must be removed indoors.
The choice of type is dictated by the type of water source used. In addition, most models can be equipped with an automatic switch-on device. This will allow water to be supplied at a specific time without human intervention.
With regard to type comparison, surface models are easier to install and dismantle. The main thing is to regularly check them and clean them in a timely manner, as well as lubricate the parts. However, surface models have an important disadvantage. Their operation is possible only if the groundwater flows close to the surface of the earth. After all, such devices are not capable of pumping water from a depth of 15 meters. In this case, you will have to use submersible models.
All submersible pumps can be well or borehole. For the first, the intake hole is at the bottom. This prevents the device from being completely submerged in water. In addition, some home pumps are equipped with a float switch. It provides automatic shutdown in case of lack of water. Downhole pumps are small in size. Their diameter can be no more than 80 mm. These pumps are used in wells up to 50 meters deep. The advantages include a very low noise level during operation and the ability to freeze when pumping cold water. Surface pumps can be shut off almost constantly due to overheating on particularly hot days.
In most stores, along with the device, you can purchase a complete set of downhole equipment that provides automatic water supply. However, if desired, such a system can be made by hand.
Things to Consider Before Purchasing
When choosing a device for water supply, be sure to pay attention to the following factors:
- If water is pumped from a deep well, then you need to choose a powerful apparatus. In the case when the water in the well is at a shallow depth, it makes no sense to buy an overly powerful unit.
- You shouldn't try to save money and buy a cheap pump. Yes, quality models are more expensive. But their price is justified by their reliability and durability. Cheap equipment will quickly fail. Therefore, if it is not possible to purchase an expensive pump, it is better not to take any and wait until the required amount appears.
- Domestic pumps are not reliable. Therefore, when choosing a model, it is important to pay attention to the country of manufacture. It is now recommended to give preference to models made in Germany.
In addition, you need to carefully study and compare all the characteristics of the models you like. It is especially worth paying attention to the pressure and flow rate of water. Also, you need to understand in advance from what depth the water will be supplied, and how much it will be consumed in the sections. Knowing all this data will allow you to choose a water supply pump that will perform its functions as efficiently as possible.