According to the results of the work of metallurgical enterprises in December 2021, Ukraine reduced steel production by 8.5% compared to the same period in 2020 to 1.743 million tons, rising from 14th to 13th place in the ranking of 64 major world countries manufacturers of these products, compiled by the World Steel Association (Worldsteel). In general, for 2021, Ukraine took 14th place in this rating.
Top steel producer China also cut steel production by 6.8% to 86.2 million tonnes in December 2021 as part of its air pollution control and carbon footprint reduction program.
Japan is in second place, producing 7.9 million tons of steel, up 5.4% year-on-year. The United States, which remains in third place in the ranking of world steel producers, smelted 7.2 million tons of iron-carbon alloy, which is 11.9% more than the same period in 2020.
According to Worldsteel estimates, Russia produced 6.6 million tons of steel in December 2021, the same as in December 2020. South Korea produced 6.0 million tons, up 1.1%. Germany produced 3.1 million tons, up 0.1%. Turkey produced 3.3 million tons, down 2.3%. Brazil produced 2.6 million tons, down 11.4%. The association estimates that Iran produced 2.8 million tons of steel, up 15.1% from December 2020.
For the 12 months of 2021, the top ten steel-producing countries are as follows:
- China (1,032.790 million tons, down 3%)
- India (118.134 million tons, up 17.8%)
- Japan (96.334 million tons, up 14.9%)
- USA (86.012 million tons, up 18.3%)
- RF (75.970 million tons, 6.1% growth),
- South Korea (70.556 million tons, up 5.2%) ,
- Turkey (40.360 million tons, up 12.7%)
- Germany (40.066 million tons, up 12.3%)
- Brazil (36.039 million tons, up 14.7%)
- Iran (28.460 million tons, down 1.8%).
In just 12 months of 2021, 64 member countries of the association produced 1,911.945 million tons of steel, which is 3.6% more than in 2020. In 2020, global steel production amounted to 1,829.140 million tons of steel, which is 0.9% less than in 2019.