During 2020, 18,514,500 tons of ferrous metals were exported from Ukraine in the amount of 7.69 billion US dollars. Compared to the previous year, there is a slight increase in supplies in physical terms by 0.7%, in monetary terms - a decrease by 11.9%. Exports of scrap metal amounted to 35.9 thousand tons (-15.0%), pig iron - 3 104.8 thousand tons (+ 20.3%) and semi-finished products (square billets, slabs, etc.) - 7 489, 5 thousand tons (+ 6.3%).
Commodity structure of exports: 40.5% - semi-finished products (square billets, slabs), 20.3% - metallurgical raw materials (cast iron, ferroalloys, scrap metal) and 39.2% - rolled steel.
Geographic structure of exports: EU-28 countries (31.0%), Africa (13.0%), European countries (14.5%), CIS (6.5%) and the Middle East (12.0%) %) and others.
Exports of iron ore raw materials in 2020 amounted to 46.2 million tons, which exceeds the volume of external shipments in the same period last year by 16.0%, when 39.9 million tons were exported.
Import of ferrous metals to Ukraine during 2020 decreased by 15.1% (to 1,280.0 thousand tons). Scrap metal imports amounted to 26.4 thousand tons, which is 47.1% less than last year.