At the machine-building enterprise "Zaporozhtransformator" for the first time they used the scheme of shipment of equipment by container lines. The pilot project was the shipment of three POM-55125/525-T1 reactors to Argentina. The use of such shipment became possible due to the small overall dimensions of the ordered equipment. And this made it possible to reduce transport costs for this project by more than two times compared to traditional shipment in the hold of a ship.
If we talk about large transformers ordered for the countries of the Far Abroad, then usually the shipment was carried out in such a way that the transformer or reactor is loaded into the hold of the ship, and dismantled units in a box are located nearby. For small transformers, in particular for reactors for Argentina with a transport weight of about 33 tons, it is possible to place them in special open-type flat rack containers. All dismantled units in box packaging are also placed in containers, but of a closed type. For this, the design department of PJSC "Zaporozhtransformator" has adjusted the packaging for dismantling so that it can compactly fit into the container.
“When preparing the technical and commercial proposal, two options for shipment were proposed: regular (in the hold of the ship) and container. In the course of calculations, it became obvious that the second type is much cheaper than the first. Our task was to design (or adjust the dimensions) the reactor so that it would fit into the container in terms of overall dimensions, and its mass did not exceed the permissible load capacity. Several optimization calculations of the reactors were carried out in order to reach the dimensions and weight required for this type of loading, - said Alexander Pitomets, chief designer for metal structures and components of Zaporozhtransformator PJSC.
Three 40ft High Cube Flat Rack and eight 40ft containers were used to load three reactors. The physical work on loading the equipment was carried out by the cargo stuffing department of the Yuzhny port, Odessa. Loading of reactors is realized with a crane. The release was done using steel ropes with turnbuckles and synthetic lashing straps in total 12 points of release with steel ropes with lanyards and 8 points with synthetic lashing straps. Dismantling loading is carried out using a crane and heavy-duty forklift trucks capable of driving into the inside of the container. Unfastening is done using synthetic tie-down straps and a wedge made of wooden beams.
Thus, the scheme of shipment of equipment by container lines gets the right for practical application and is beneficial for the plant due to a significant reduction in the cost of transporting goods to the Far Abroad. This, in turn, increases the competitiveness of the enterprise and makes it possible to participate in tenders on other continents along with local manufacturers.