Compared to 2016, the share of thermal electricity in total generation decreased by 5% to 27.2% in 2020, the Ministry of Energy of Ukraine reported.
“This trend will continue in the future. In accordance with the forecast balance of electric energy approved by the Ministry of Energy for the current year, a further reduction in coal-fired generation of TPPs is expected to 25.6%, ”said Deputy Minister Maxim Nemchinov.
Consequently, the share of thermal generation by the end of 2021 will decrease by 7.6% compared to 2016.
The share of climate-neutral electricity generated by nuclear power plants, large hydroelectric power plants and renewable energy sources in 2020 covers about 2/3 of all consumption.
From the beginning of May 2021, as of May 26, the share of electricity produced by nuclear generation is 58.7%, HPP and PSPP - 10.2%, RES - 9.1%, TPP and CHPP - 20.5%, which accounts for a fifth of all electricity generated.
Moreover, this summer, due to the increase in generation from renewable energy sources, the share of low-carbon electricity increases to 80%. Therefore, the Ministry of Energy believes that the Ukrainian energy sector as a whole can be classified as low-carbon.
Among the main reasons for this situation is the rapid growth of renewable energy. Recently, in Ukraine, there has been a steady trend towards a reduction in the production of electricity at coal-fired power units of thermal power plants and an increase in the share of carbon-neutral "green" electricity produced from renewable sources.
Now the installed capacity of such facilities will approach 9 GW, taking into account small power plants of households.
In the Ukrainian energy system, cases have already been recorded when more electricity was produced from renewable sources (including large hydroelectric power plants) per day than all thermal power plants in Ukraine combined.
The Ministry of Energy noted the importance of continuing to stimulate the development of renewable energy, taking into account "the ability of the energy system to accept such facilities", as well as guarantees of high-quality and uninterrupted supply of electricity regardless of weather conditions.
Also, the Ministry of Energy is now working on updating the National Emission Reduction Plan and developing mechanisms for its financing. This will make it possible to reduce emissions into the atmosphere by decommissioning obsolete power units of TPPs and at the same time installing efficient electrostatic precipitators at power units, which will remain in operation to ensure the energy security of the state.